Why Is It Necessary To Diagnose And Treat Graves Disease On Time?

Why Is It Necessary To Diagnose And Treat Graves Disease On Time?

 

Graves' disease is an autoimmune thyroid disease that occurs from abnormal thyroid gland stimulation by a material in the blood called thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins that bind and trigger the Thyrotropin receptor.

Besides weight loss, rapid heartbeat, elevated blood pressure, and irritability, among other symptoms, Graves’ disease could also cause your immune system to attack healthy cells erroneously. The muscles and tissue around the eyes are attacked in some individuals.

Almost half of the patients diagnosed with Graves' disease notice some eye issues, and some have severe issues with eyesight. Experts believe this is because your eyes' tissues have proteins similar to those in your thyroid gland. The issue is regarded as the eye disease of Graves or Graves' ophthalmopathy.

When untreated, Graves' disease can result in thyrotoxicosis and its serious form, thyroid storm, a life-threatening situation that causes heart complications, brittle bones, and death.

Graves' disease during pregnancy can trigger a variety of complications like premature birth, miscarriage, respiratory failure, preeclampsia, and placental abruption.


Diagnosis


Even though it is possible to diagnose Graves' disease from the outcomes of one or two exams, your doctor may use several approaches to double-check the findings and single out other illnesses.

Your doctor will observe your eyes to see if they are irritated or bulging and will look for a widened thyroid gland. As the Graves' disease improves your metabolic rate, your doctor will check your pulse and blood pressure and look for tremor signs.

Your physician will request blood analysis to determine your thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentrations, the pituitary hormone that usually activates the thyroid gland, and thyroid hormone concentrations.

Your doctor can assess the rate at which your thyroid gland takes up iodine by providing you with a tiny quantity of radioactive iodine and then measuring the quantity of iodine in your thyroid gland with a specialized scanning camera.

If a clinical test does not clarify the diagnosis of Graves' ophthalmopathy, your doctor may also suggest an imaging test such as a CT scan—a specific X-ray technology that generates thin cross-sectional images.


Treatment


You can mitigate the effects of Graves' disease with appropriate treatment. The treatment's intention is to regulate the thyroid hormone oversupply (hyperthyroidism).

Methimazole and propylthiouracil (PTU) are generic drugs that disrupt the hormone-producing capacity of the thyroid gland. While efficient in alleviating symptoms within a few weeks, after stopping the medication, hyperthyroidism may return.

Be sure to ask your physician to clarify the severe side effects that you may have and what to do if a side effect arises.

Some physicians favor radioactive iodine treatment because antithyroid medicines do not always provide a long-term remedy to hyperthyroidism or surgical complications associated with Graves' disease.

Radioactive iodine functions by damaging cells of the thyroid tissue, decreasing your high levels of thyroid hormone. Whether a set dose or separately prescribed dose is healthiest, however, is still an on-going debate.

Beta-blockers including Atenolol (Tenormin), Propranolol (Inderal) and Metoprolol (Lopressor) are also generally prescribed to treat cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure, and most patients use this as well to relieve chest pains and muscle spasms that typify the Grave's disease.

For multiple reasons, some patients may need surgery for Graves’ disease treatment. For instance, there are patients who are unable to take or endure antithyroid or RAI medication, and these medications are not effective at times. In addition, the doctor may recommend surgery if you are pregnant and PTU (antithyroid medication) is not working.

While complete thyroid removal efficiently treats hyperthyroidism in most people, hypothyroidism always occurs.

Ergo, you will need to start taking a thyroid replacement hormone daily if you undergo complete thyroidectomy. Your endocrinologist or doctor will determine the right dosage and track its efficacy through simple blood work once or even more times annually.

Conclusion

Make your mental and physical well-being a priority if you have Graves' disease.

Having to eat well and working out can increase the improvement of certain symptoms while still being treated and can generally assist you to feel better. It also helps to ease stress as much as you can, as stress can cause or aggravate the Graves' disease.

First of all, a consultation with your primary care physician in Dubai should be your top priority. A specialist in hormone function disorders and the endocrine system (endocrinologist) may be assigned to you. If you have ophthalmopathy with Graves, your physician may also advise you to see a doctor specializing in eye disorders (ophthalmologist).

For Graves’ disease ophthalmologist in Dubai or Graves disease treatment and diagnosis: We at the Dome MedDental Clinic will be happy to provide you with high-quality medical attention and care that you need. Our Consultant, French University Professor Pierre Bouletreau, is one of the best Surgeons in the World treating – almost as a routine- Grave's Disease or Ophthalmopathy with the Surgery called “Orbital Decompression”.

 

 

 

 

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