How Does Orthognathic Surgeries Aid In Reducing Occlusion

Orthognathic Surgery is a recommended treatment used to correct conditions of the jaw and facial structure like sleep apnea, TMJ disorders, and malocclusion. The surgery typically cuts, moves and realigns a facial bone to correct a dentofacial deformity and can be done along with genioplasty to bring an aesthetic balance to a patient’s face. Orthognathic surgeries are generally performed on about 5% of the general population across the globe to correct maxillary or mandibular deformities, help relieve TMJ disorder difficulties and address occlusion issues like open bites. In this blog, we will try to understand how these surgeries can bring a significant difference to occlusion issues and TMJ disorder.


Malocclusion issues
Dental occlusion is a technical term used to refer to the way your teeth meet when you bring your jaws together to bite. People suffering from this condition will not only have teeth or gum issues but also jaw joints or muscle issues that refrain them from moving the jaw muscles at times. Our Oral & Maxillofacial surgeons also identify issues like crooked, worn out, and fractured teeth or loose crowns as a direct result of occlusal issues. People with occlusal issues also tend to click, bite or grind their teeth while sleeping.If an individual’s jaws are in the wrong position, the facial and jaw muscles have to work extra hard while talking, eating or drinking, which tires these muscles. This, in turn, can cause pain in the head, neck, and shoulders.


Dental occlusion issues can be treated in several ways. Minor issues can be easily treated with the help of orthodontic treatments. However, severe cases of occlusion require surgical correction along with orthodontics. This is when our Oral & Maxillofacial surgeons recommend orthognathic surgeries to realign the jaw to its new position after which dental braces will be used to realign the teeth in its new position. Correction of occlusion issues will help patients enjoy a better quality of life, allowing them to chew and talk without added effort. The corrective surgery can also bring symmetry to the facial structure, adding to the aesthetic beauty of the patient’s face.


TMJ disorders
The Temporomandibular joints are two hinge-like joints that connects the jawbone to the skull. These bilateral joints help the jaw to work as a single unit for activities like chewing and talking. People experience TMJ issues due to many reasons. Pain in the muscles of mastication or chewing is one of the major reasons for TMJ disorder. The condition may even occur as degenerative joint disease as well.


Most TMJ disorder symptoms are treated with noninvasive, nonsurgical, and reversible interventions. Patients with persistent pain and limited jaw function even with 3 to 6 months of non-invasive treatment are considered for surgical treatment. While orthognathic surgeries are not always suggested in the treatment of TMJ disorders, studies show that an 80% improvement is visible in patients who underwent these surgeries. Our Oral & Maxillofacial surgeons monitor the effects of these surgical corrections over a course of time to ensure that the surgery has successfully reduced the TMJ disorder pain in the patient.


Final thoughts
Although most orthognathic surgeries are performed for aesthetic reasons and bite correction, the same procedure can be used to treat long term TMJ disorder-related pain. If you are an individual with malocclusion or have suffered from TMJ pain over a course of months, consult with our specialists Dr Philippe Chanavaz (Consultant Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon) or Professor Pierre Bouletreau (Consultant Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon) today at The Dome MedDental Clinic DMCC, and get the best course of treatment, with or without orthognathic surgeries to alleviate your condition.


 

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